Murmansk regional healthcare system consists of state, municipal and private institutions that have their own organizational forms but acting in frames of common legislative basis.
Mainly Murmansk regional healthcare system possess all possible medical aid services.
Financing of the healthcare system is carried out within the territorial government guarantee program approved by the Government of the Murmansk region and provides free medical care to the population.
State policies of healthcare protection of the public in the Murmansk Region is being implemented by the Healthcare Ministry of the Murmansk region.
Helthcare policy in the region is aimed at:
- Implementation of healthcare protection policies of the population on the territory of the Murmansk Region;
- Development and implementation of the system of measures aimed at protection of public health, including medical treatment and medicines;
- Legislative, information and managerial maintenance of the state polices in public health promotion.
Net of the Murmansk Regional Healthcare Institutions:
46 facilities, among them:
- 30 state medical facilities
- 16 municipal medical institutions
- 1 institution of supplementary education for nurses and feldshers
- 1 division of transport and economic services
More than 3000 doctors and about 8000 medical nurses work in the state regional and municipal institutions.
In compliance with legislative base there has been rendered the following types of medical aid:
- Primary health care
- Special, including high-tech medical care
- Ambulance, including special ambulance and medical assistance
- Palliative care
Medical aid is provided outside the medical facilities, outpatient, in day patient facilities and in-patient facilities.
Net of institutions that provides primary health care is balanced and meets the needs of the regional population.
In order to implement special aid there are about 6000 day-and-night hospital beds in regional healthcare institutions.
Considerable attention is paid to service development of so-called socially significant diseases. Medical aid for patients that suffer from such diseases as oncology, drug and alcohol abuse, psychiatric disorders, tuberculosis, dermatological and venereological diseases, HIV infection is being provided in six specialized institutions.
The leading institution providing medical aid with highest concentration of the high-qualified medical staff and the best technical equipment is “Murmansk Regional Clinical Hospital named after P.A. Bayandin”.
There is a regional Vascular Center and a Trauma Center there.
In order to concentrate human, material and technical resources departments of hospitals located in different municipalities of the region are concentrated in three inter-municipal centers of specialized care, organized on a territorial basis.
Ambulance in the Murmansk region is based on the emergency care departments of the city and district hospitals. There are 93 medical aid teams, 12 intensive care units, 4 intensive care teams and 170 teams of feldshers in the Murmansk region.
Specialized emergency medical care (including sanitary aviation) in the region is being provided by “Murmansk Territorial Emergency Medical Center”.
Flights if necessary are carried out by passenger helicopters (MI-8 helicopters and modifications).
Recent implementation of large-scale projects in health care such as national project "Health", program "Modernization of health care" and the state program "Health Care Development" are an effective mechanism for the development of regional health care system. These programs have greatly improved the quality and accessibility of medical care in the the Murmansk regional healthcare institutions and helped to achieve a reduction in mortality.